The hospitality sector in Africa’s emerging markets looks set to profit from foreign investment and an influx of foreign travelers. The emerging markets are set to post faster growth in revenue than their counterparts in developed countries, making them integral to the expansion strategies of some of the world’s leading hotel developers.
“The growth potential of Africa is high mainly because of the rapid economic growth in some economies, a growing middle class and an increase in visits from foreign visitors,” Pietro Calicchio, hospitality & gaming industry leader for PwC South Africa said in a statement. “The emerging markets are a sought after destination for foreign investors—it is in these markets where there is continued economic growth and a need for additional infrastructure. In addition, governments and policy makers are introducing a range of tax incentives and other incentive schemes to foreign investors.”
Although the potential for foreign investment has improved substantially in Africa over the past several years it is not without a number of challenges, including a drop in oil prices and other commodities, social unrest, unstable electricity supply and the impact of one of the most severe droughts across the African continent.
These are some of the highlights from PwC’s 7th edition of the Hotels Outlook: 2017-2021 report. PwC’s report focuses on hotel accommodation in South Africa, Nigeria, Mauritius, Kenya and Tanzania. This year we take our African view a step further, with looking into Ghana and Ethiopia as emerging hotel markets.
The hotel sector in Ghana has remained resilient despite recent global economic challenges. Following the collapse in the price of oil and other commodities, the government has taken steps to diversify the economy, including promoting the hospitality and tourism sector. Ghana’s hospitality industry grew 1.2 percent from 2015 to 2016. The World Travel & Tourism Council expects Ghana’s tourism industry to expand by 5.6 percent in 2016 and maintain an annual growth rate of 5.1 percent per annum from 2017 through to 2027. “Having regard to the investment by foreign investors in the industry through the establishment of high-rated hotels, and an increasing number of tourists and business travelers, it is expected that there will be continuous growth in the industry,” Calicchio said.
A number of internationally-branded hotels are based in Accra. As of May 2017, there were 2,723 hotels and lodges in Ghana. There is expected to be an increase in the number of business travelers to the country as the government embarks on a number of initiatives to stimulate economic growth. The government is also making improvements in transport infrastructure, with the construction of a third terminal at Accra’s Kotoka International Airport and allocation of funds for the repair of roads to popular tourist destinations. The hotel industry is expected to grow 1.1 percent in 2017, 2.1 percent in 2018 and 2.3 percent in 2019.
In the east, Ethiopia is set to boost investment in the hospitality sector in order to generate more foreign earnings. While the economy in Ethiopia continues to experience substantial growth, the hotel sector is poised to benefit from an increase in the number of inbound travelers with the expected opening of some international hotel brands. Currently there are five international hotel brands under construction. “The growing presence of international brands in the country demonstrates confidence in Ethiopia’s tourism growth, particularly opportunities linked to business and diplomatic travel,” Calicchio said.
International visitors in Ethiopia come from a wide range of sources. It is a diverse market for both business travelers and tourists. Total tourist arrivals in Ethiopia from 2015 to 2016 increased from 817,860 to 868,780. Tourist arrivals in 2017 are forecast to increase by 5.7 percent on the previous year to 918,010.
Despite the country’s bid to bolster its earnings from the hospitality sector, political unrest broke out in 2016, which slightly impacted the industry. The government has planned to expand Ethiopian Airlines’ footprint of regional and international routes. Meanwhile, Addis Ababa International Airport is also undergoing expansion in order to service 20 million passengers a year by 2019. Addis Ababa will continue to grow as a regional business hub, supporting expansion in the hotel sector. Hotels in the city currently have a 60-percent occupancy rate. Addis Ababa has numerous conferences mainly because it has the third-largest diplomatic community in the world, after New York and Geneva.