Protests, trade disputes affect hotels in Greater China

IHG's hotels in the greater China region, such as the InterContinental Hong Kong, reported a RevPAR decline of 0.5 percent in Q2. Photo credit: IHG

The ongoing anti-extradition bill protests in Hong Kong have not only disrupted activity at the city's airport—forced to cancel flights amid civil unrest—but its hotels.  

Yiu Si-wing, a Hong Kong lawmaker representing the tourism industry, told Bloomberg revenue per available room in Hong Kong hotels could fall as much as 50 percent in August.

Cause for Concern

The protests, underway since June, have combined with the ongoing trade dispute with the United States to affect hotels in both Hong Kong and mainland China. Citing both situations, earlier this month IHG reported a slowdown in business travel in China, where its hotels in the greater China region reported a RevPAR decline of 0.5 percent in Q2, down from 0.3 percent in Q1. During the quarter, the company signed 22,000 rooms into its China pipeline.

Hyatt's hotels in the region, which represents about 10 percent of its guestrooms, reported RevPAR declines of 2.8 percent for Q2. On the company's earnings call earlier this month, Hyatt CFO Joan Bottarini said the decrease was “entirely driven by certain hotels in Hong Kong and Macau.” President/CEO Mark Hoplamazian specifically mentioned the protests as a partial cause of the decline. 

Hilton reported its hotels in China are facing declines that CFO Kevin Jacobs credited to softening leisure demands and the protests. While the forecast is in line with guidance, RevPAR has been "relatively flat." The company's Asia-Pacific RevPAR growth was stymied by "relatively flat results in China due to a decline in domestic travel," the company noted in its 10-Q filing. "China is clearly going to be worse in the second half of the year than the first," Hilton CEO Chris Nassetta told investors during the company's earnings call.

According to Bloomberg, Sun Hung Kai Properties Ltd., owner of the Four Seasons chain, and New World Development Co., which operates the Grand Hyatt Hong Kong, have seen their shares fall more than 20 percent from last month’s highs.

Falling Numbers

Yiu told Bloomberg hotel occupancy rates that averaged 90 percent in the first half will likely fall by a third or more and that arrivals from the mainland to Hong Kong—a key shopping destination for Chinese—could slow to a trickle.

According to the Hong Kong Tourism Board, preliminary figures have shown a "double-digit decline" in the number of visitor arrivals in the second half of July. A spokesperson told the BBC advance bookings into September also have dropped. 

Visits from mainland China usually account for 80 percent of Hong Kong's arrivals, and the Hong Kong Tourism Board told the BBC mainlanders made 27 million visits to the territory in the first six months of 2019. Tourism makes up 5 percent of Hong Kong's GDP.